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[0] Kennedy PR, Bakay RA, Moore MM, Adams K, Goldwaithe J, Direct control of a computer from the human central nervous system.IEEE Trans Rehabil Eng 8:2, 198-202 (2000 Jun)[1] Kennedy PR, Mirra SS, Bakay RA, The cone electrode: ultrastructural studies following long-term recording in rat and monkey cortex.Neurosci Lett 142:1, 89-94 (1992 Aug 3)

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ref: Kennedy-2000.06 tags: BMI Kennedy IEEE 1999 Bakay neurotrophic glass electrode date: 01-08-2012 00:30 gmt revision:7 [6] [5] [4] [3] [2] [1] [head]

PMID-10896186[] Direct control of a computer from the human central nervous system

  • 1999 - eight years ago!
  • Se also {1020}
  • 3 patients, one success. (one died of ALS :-( JR had a brainstem stroke.
    • Has disconjugate eye movements with nystagmus.
    • These patients are sick - ulcers, peripheral neuropathy.
  • invasive alternative to externally applied BCI.
  • one glass electrode
  • patient can type & produce synthesized speech.
  • cursor wraps off the right of the screen; only positive deflections matter. another signal or dwell used to select letters.
  • Used surface EMG to dissociate neural activity from muscle contraction, as in previous works.
  • electrode used in this study: [1] "The cone electrode: ultrastructural studies following long-term recording in rat and monkey cortex."

____References____

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ref: notes-0 tags: low-power microprocessor design techniques ieee DSP date: 05-29-2007 03:30 gmt revision:2 [1] [0] [head]

http://hardm.ath.cx:88/pdf/lowpowermicrocontrollers.pdf

also see IBM's eLite DSP project.